Advice-04 - IP Classifications / coding

IP Protection Classification System


The IP system of classification (IP Rating / IP Classification), is designed to indicate the degree of protection against ingress of solid material (including dust) and liquids into enclosures in accordance with BS 5490: 1977, IEC 529: 1976.

It should be noted that this system of quantifying degrees of protection does not relate to protection against rust and corrosion.

The level of protection is normally indicated by the IP Rating Code which consists of the letters IP followed by a 2 digit number, e.g. IP65.

The following brief resume of IP numbers and their meaning, will we hope be helpful in assessing degrees of protection when selecting enclosures.

Whilst not specified by the BSI, a third numeral is also sometimes shown, this figure is used in corresponding international standards to indicate degree of resistance to impact.

 

FIRST NUMBER - Protection against solid objects

IP     Tests
No

 0      no protection

 1      protected against; solid objects up to 50mm e.g. accidental touch by hands

 2      protected against; solid objects up to 12mm e.g. accidental touch by fingers

 3      protected against; solid objects over 2.5mm e.g. tools & wires

 4      protected against; solid objects over 1.0mm e.g. tools & wires + small wires

 5      protected against; dust limited ingress, no harmful deposit

 6      protected against dust

(For full details of IP numbers, please refer to the official BS specification).

 

SECOND NUMBER - Protection against liquids

IP     Tests
No

 0      no protection

 1      protected against vertically falling drops of water e.g. condensation

 2      protected against direct sprays of water up to 15 degrees from vertical

 3      protected against direct sprays of water up to 60 degrees from vertical

 4       protected against water sprayed from all directions - limited ingress permitted

 5      protected against low pressure jets of water sprayed from all directions - limited ingress permitted

 6      protected against strong jets of water e.g. for use on ship decks - limited ingress permitted

 7      protected against the effects of immersion between 15 cm and 1 metre

 8      protected against long periods of immersion under pressure

 

 

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